Main Tasks of Key IMT-GT Institutions
Following are the principal roles and tasks of key IMT-GT public and private sector institutions in implementing the IMT-GT Programme:
- Highest decision-making body in IMT-GT;
- Sets major goals and basic directions for cooperation in IMT-GT.
Ministers' Meeting (MM)
- Second highest coordinating, direction-setting and decision-making body in IMT-GT, reporting to the Leaders' Summit;
- Mechanism for formally reporting progress on Roadmap implementation, discussing high-level policy or implementation issues and matters that need to be brought to the attention of the Leaders' Summit.
Senior Officials' Meeting (SOM)
- IMT-GT wide coordinating body reporting to the MM;
- Prepares and submits to MM reports on the progress of Roadmap implementation;
- Brings to attention of MM policy or implementation issues requiring action from higher authorities;
- Coordinates and provides oversight to the IMT-GT Working Groups.
Working Groups (WGs)
- Coordinate and facilitate the implementation of IMT-GT cooperation measures under their respective areas, serving as the convenors of the agencies primarily responsible for deciding on and implementing these measures;
- Prepare a work programme based on the strategic thrusts in the Roadmap and periodically review the implementation of IMT-GT measures to ensure that these are consistent with the strategic directions in the Roadmap;
- Facilitate the identification and implementation of priority programmes and projects in their respective areas and conduct periodic review of these projects;
- Work closely with the Joint Business Council in promoting the active participation of the IMT-GT private sector in WG-related activities;
- Facilitate the discussion and resolution of issues and bottlenecks in project implementation;
- Monitor and report on the progress of implementation of WG activities.
There are 6 working groups each concentrating on a focused area. The first two are led by Malaysia, the next two by Indonesia while the last two are led by Thailand.
- Infrastructure and Transport (WGIT)
- Trade and Investment (WGTI)
- Human Resource Development (WGHRD)
- Agriculture, Agro-based Industry, and Environment (WGAAE)
- Tourism (WGT)
- Halal Products and Services (WGHAPAS)
Center for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT)
- Reporting to the SOM, serves as the central body for monitoring and coordinating IMT-GT public sector activities;
- Liaises between the SOM/MM and the other IMT-GT institutions as well as with IMT-GT external partners;
- Takes the lead in coordinating the flow of information within IMT-GT;
- Facilitates consultations with IMT-GT stakeholders to gather inputs, prepare, validate, refines and periodically reviews the IMT-GT Roadmap;
- Facilitates subregional activities in support of Roadmap implementation, working closely with the Working Groups, National Secretariats, Joint Business Councils (JBCs), and other IMT-GT institutions;
- Monitors the progress of implementation of the Roadmap measures and submits a report there on to the SOM/MM, WGs, and other IMT-GT institutions;
- Coordinates the flow of information among the various IMT-GT institutions and with external partners in support of Roadmap implementation;
- Liaises and coordinates IMT-GT linkages and activities with the ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN bodies, other multilateral agencies, and partner organizations related to Roadmap implementation.
- Serve as the national counterparts of CIMT, coordinating all in-country public sector IMT-GT related activities;
- Serve as in-country liaison, coordinating with other IMT-GT national secretariats, CIMT, JBC, and other IMT-GT bodies;
- Facilitate all in-country activities of the public and private sectors in deliberations concerning IMT-GT, advocacy for policies and programmes supporting IMT-GT, planning and programming of in-country participation in IMT-GT, and Roadmap implementation;
- Serve as in-country databank for IMT-GT and other related data and coordinate the flow of information among in-country IMT-GT bodies;
- Monitor developments in IMT-GT and follow up agreements entered into by country representatives;
- Provide technical and administrative support services for country IMT-GT operations and coordinate budget requirements for this purpose.
Joint Business Council (JBC)
- Serves as the private sector counterpart of the government IMT-GT institutions;
- Fosters closer relationships and economic cooperation among business sector organizations in IMT-GT, represents them in IMT-GT deliberations and programmes, and encourage their active participation in subregional cooperation activities;
- Performs an advocacy role for policies, programmes, projects and implementing rules and guidelines supportive of increasing private sector participation in business and development activities in IMT-GT;
- Initiates the identification of IMT-GT commercial projects and participates in the identification of key IMT-GT infrastructure requirements.
- Serves as the promoter and facilitator of IMT-GT projects in their respective areas (local government level);
- Links up with JBC, MM, SOM and the WGs to promote IMT-GT projects in their respective areas;
- Facilitate resolution of policy, regulatory issues and other issues affecting the implementation of IMT-GT projects in their respective areas;
- Participates and provides inputs in the planning and programming of public investments located in their respective areas in support of IMT-GT.
Partnerships for Development
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
In 2006, Asian Development Bank (ADB) was designated as the Regional Development Partner and Regional Advisor for IMT-GT. Since then, ADB has been providing strategic and technical support for 3 IMT-GT member countries to promote institutional strengthening and capacity building as well as sharing knowledge products to forge and deepen subregional-national synergies.
On 14 September 2014, on the occasion of IMT-GT Ministerial Meeting in Bandah Aceh, Indonesia, ADB shown its commitment to be an IMT-GT Development Partner with the signing of the “Cooperation Agreement between Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT) and Asian Development Bank (ADB)”.
According to the Agreement, both parties will support and accelerate the IMT-GT regional cooperation and integration process with primary focus areas as followings:
- Connectivity (i.e. physical and soft infrastructure) along the IMT-GT economic corridors; with a focus on Special Border Economic Zones, and power transmission;
- Trade and Investment; with a focus on Customs, Immigration and Quarantine;
- Tourism; and
- Human Resources Development
Behind from left
H.E Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Deputy Minister of Transport and Secretary-General of the National Economic and Social Development Board Thailand;
H.E Dr. H. Zaini Abdullah, the Governor of Aceh; H.E Chairul Tanjung, Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of Indonesia; and H.E Dato' Sri Abdul Wahid Omar, Minister in The Prime Minister's Department of Malaysia.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
The ASEAN Secretariat is a valuable ally of IMT-GT that provides support and linkage to development in regional cooperation in ASEAN. Subregional cooperation within IMT-GT is consistent with promoting the realization of an ASEAN Economic Community by 2015.