Main Tasks of Key IMT-GT Institutions
Following are the principal roles and tasks of key IMT-GT public and private sector institutions in implementing the IMT-GT Programme:
- Highest decision-making body in IMT-GT;
- Sets major goals and basic directions for cooperation in IMT-GT.
Ministers' Meeting (MM)
- Second highest coordinating, direction-setting and decision-making body in IMT-GT, reporting to the Leaders' Summit;
- Mechanism for formally reporting progress on Roadmap implementation, discussing high-level policy or implementation issues and matters that need to be brought to the attention of the Leaders' Summit.
Senior Officials' Meeting (SOM)
- IMT-GT wide coordinating body reporting to the MM;
- Prepares and submits to MM reports on the progress of Roadmap implementation;
- Brings to attention of MM policy or implementation issues requiring action from higher authorities;
- Coordinates and provides oversight to the IMT-GT Working Groups.
Working Groups (WGs)
- Coordinate and facilitate the implementation of IMT-GT cooperation measures under their respective areas, serving as the convenors of the agencies primarily responsible for deciding on and implementing these measures;
- Prepare a work programme based on the strategic thrusts in the Roadmap and periodically review the implementation of IMT-GT measures to ensure that these are consistent with the strategic directions in the Roadmap;
- Facilitate the identification and implementation of priority programmes and projects in their respective areas and conduct periodic review of these projects;
- Work closely with the Joint Business Council in promoting the active participation of the IMT-GT private sector in WG-related activities;
- Facilitate the discussion and resolution of issues and bottlenecks in project implementation;
- Monitor and report on the progress of implementation of WG activities.
There are 6 working groups each concentrating on a focused area. The first two are led by Malaysia, the next two by Indonesia while the last two are led by Thailand.
- Infrastructure and Transport (WGIT)
- Trade and Investment (WGTI)
- Human Resource Development (WGHRD)
- Agriculture, Agro-based Industry, and Environment (WGAAE)
- Tourism (WGT)
- Halal Products and Services (WGHAPAS)
Center for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT)
- Reporting to the SOM, serves as the central body for monitoring and coordinating IMT-GT public sector activities;
- Liaises between the SOM/MM and the other IMT-GT institutions as well as with IMT-GT external partners;
- Takes the lead in coordinating the flow of information within IMT-GT;
- Facilitates consultations with IMT-GT stakeholders to gather inputs, prepare, validate, refines and periodically reviews the IMT-GT Roadmap;
- Facilitates subregional activities in support of Roadmap implementation, working closely with the Working Groups, National Secretariats, Joint Business Councils (JBCs), and other IMT-GT institutions;
- Monitors the progress of implementation of the Roadmap measures and submits a report there on to the SOM/MM, WGs, and other IMT-GT institutions;
- Coordinates the flow of information among the various IMT-GT institutions and with external partners in support of Roadmap implementation;
- Liaises and coordinates IMT-GT linkages and activities with the ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN bodies, other multilateral agencies, and partner organizations related to Roadmap implementation.
- Serve as the national counterparts of CIMT, coordinating all in-country public sector IMT-GT related activities;
- Serve as in-country liaison, coordinating with other IMT-GT national secretariats, CIMT, JBC, and other IMT-GT bodies;
- Facilitate all in-country activities of the public and private sectors in deliberations concerning IMT-GT, advocacy for policies and programmes supporting IMT-GT, planning and programming of in-country participation in IMT-GT, and Roadmap implementation;
- Serve as in-country databank for IMT-GT and other related data and coordinate the flow of information among in-country IMT-GT bodies;
- Monitor developments in IMT-GT and follow up agreements entered into by country representatives;
- Provide technical and administrative support services for country IMT-GT operations and coordinate budget requirements for this purpose.
Joint Business Council (JBC)
- Serves as the private sector counterpart of the government IMT-GT institutions;
- Fosters closer relationships and economic cooperation among business sector organizations in IMT-GT, represents them in IMT-GT deliberations and programmes, and encourage their active participation in subregional cooperation activities;
- Performs an advocacy role for policies, programmes, projects and implementing rules and guidelines supportive of increasing private sector participation in business and development activities in IMT-GT;
- Initiates the identification of IMT-GT commercial projects and participates in the identification of key IMT-GT infrastructure requirements.
- Serves as the promoter and facilitator of IMT-GT projects in their respective areas (local government level);
- Links up with JBC, MM, SOM and the WGs to promote IMT-GT projects in their respective areas;
- Facilitate resolution of policy, regulatory issues and other issues affecting the implementation of IMT-GT projects in their respective areas;
- Participates and provides inputs in the planning and programming of public investments located in their respective areas in support of IMT-GT.
Partnerships for Development
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
The ADB is a Development Partner of IMT-GT since 2006. ADB provides capacity building support to IMT-GT institutions and extends assistance in mobilizing technical and financial resources as well as support for establishing an enabling environment for private sector development. ADB is currently supporting capacity building at the new IMT-GT permanent secretariat, and other institutions including Working Groups and Governors' and Chief Ministers' Forum. ADB is also facilitating economic and sector analysis to promote trade, investment, and tourism in the subregion, with a focus on the 5 identified Economic Connectivity Corridors (ECCs).
In February 2007, the ADB initiated the "Expanding Horizons: A Study on the Development of the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) Economic Corridors". The study, completed in September 2007, was a preliminary assessment of the opportunities, constraints and challenges to developing the subregion's connectivity and thus strengthening its growth potential. The focus of this study was on identifying the status of existing infrastructure assets, potential areas for intervention and other areas where further research is necessary to fully develop and utilize corridor connectivity.
Subsequently, following the recommendations of the study, two further studies were undertaken during Q4 2007 - Q3 2008, focusing respectively on the identification of logistical costs and constraints on the ECCs (Logistics Development Study of the IMT-GT, April 2008) and, second, on a mapping of maritime links within IMT, including existing cargo and passenger movements, port capacities, and CIQ constraints (Maritime Sector Study of IMT-GT, August 2008). Both studies have been circulated to the respective governments and recommendations from the studies have been provided as inputs to the 15th SOM/MM in October 2008.
The Sumatra Investment and Trade Survey (SITS) is an important
component of ADB's sector work on trade and investment in
IMT-GT. The primary objective of the SITS is to provide an
empirical understanding of factors and policies that influence
firm performance, including productivity, profitability, investment,
growth and links with external markets, particularly in other
regions of IMT. More about SITS.
Here's the ADB's Report to the 15th IMT-GT Senior Officials Meeting on support to IMT-GT in 2008 and proposed for 2009.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
The ASEAN Secretariat is a valuable ally of IMT-GT that provides support and linkage to development in regional cooperation in ASEAN. Subregional cooperation within IMT-GT is consistent with promoting the realization of an ASEAN Economic Community by 2015.