The Context of IMT-GT Implementation Blueprint 2017-2021August 13, 2018
PHUKET, 5th September 2018
– H.E. Mr. Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Minister of Transport of Thailand launched the Phuket Integrated Transport Plan at Pullman Arcadia (Nai Thon) Hotel. This plan is part of IMT-GT Integrated Green Transportation Plan that would be widened to other sectors such as energy. Asian Development Bank (ADB) has been involved in IMT-GT since 1993 and has been a Regional Development Partner since 2007 are currently supporting the IMT-GT Integrated Transportation Plan Study focussing on Penang, Langkawi, Phuket and Krabi. These states and provinces are selected due to their strategic location where the Straits of Melaka meet the Andaman Sea. These areas have wonderful natural beauty, pristine beaches as well as rich in cultural heritage. A further growth in tourism industry could have an adverse impact on the environment and liveability if not well managed. Therefore, the development in tourism should be combined with green transportation to balance between growth and sustainability.
Importantly, the transportation issue certainly not limited to tourism. The most important is to facilitate the day-to-day movement of the local residents. Most of the local in this subregion move around use private transport while the modal share of public transport, cycling and walking is very low. ADB has selected Melaka to be the pilot state for this study and it shows the accessibilities, as well as the usage of public transport, is very low. A shift to more sustainable transport modes is highly desired but will require targeted measures and a change of culture as well as behaviour. The study should also include the demand and needs according to local circumstances.
The Transportation Plan Study is part of activities under transport pillar in IMT-GT Green Cities Initiative. This initiative was started in 2013, during the 7th IMT-GT Summit. The Leaders has commended the initiative made by IMT-GT Chief Ministers and Governors to develop green cities in IMT-GT. Since then, Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT)
as the secretariat of IMT-GT with the assistance from ADB has taken various steps to realise a greener subregion. One of it is the completion of Green Cities Action Plan (GCAP) for five (5) cities in IMT-GT namely, Melaka, Hatyai, Songkhla, Medan and Batam.
Moving forward, CIMT along with Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) is preparing the IMT-GT Sustainable Urban Development Framework (SUDF) which would serve as a framework to capture actions and impacts of local and sub-national actions on country level Sustainable Development Goals and Nationally determined contribution targets. The framework is tailored to the needs of all provinces and cities based on baseline data survey and analysis that would provide scope for identifying similar needs or interventions as well as the project in multiple provinces or cities within one country or across three countries. The framework will be presented to the 24th IMT-GT Ministerial Meeting on 1st October 2018 in Melaka, Malaysia for endorsement and target to be launched during the 12th IMT-GT Summit in 2019.
During the launching of the Phuket Integrated Transportation Plan, Mr. Arkhom Termpittayapaisith would like these five cities to implement immediate action with low cost on green transportation programme that targeted to be launched during the 24th IMT-GT Ministerial Meeting. As for the upcoming 12th IMT-GT Summit, he requested the CIMT and ADB to complete the IMT-GT Integrated Transport Plan to be launched during the Summit. The 12th IMT-GT Summit will be held in Thailand under the chairmanship of Indonesia.