Leaders of the Republic of Indonesia, Malaysia and the Kingdom of Thailand launched the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (hereafter referred to as IMT-GT) subregional cooperation programme in 1993 to accelerate the economic transformation of the subregion. Historically, regional cooperation and integration among these countries has always resulted in fast-tracking economic growth, reducing poverty, and strengthening institutions – both at the individual country level and the region as a whole. Recognizing this potential, IMT-GT is a strategic framework agreement between leaders of the three countries to leverage underlying complementarity and comparative advantages while enhancing the subregions competitiveness for investment and exports. The subregions include ten provinces of Sumatera Indonesia, eight states in Peninsular Malaysia and fourteen provinces in the Southern Region of Thailand. It is home to about 83 million people inhabiting a land area of about 615,208 square kilometres.