IMT-GT STATISTIC

The Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) is a subregional initiative that aims to accelerate “Economic Transformation” in less developed areas in these countries towards a seamless, progressive, prosperous, and peaceful subregion with improved quality of life.

The IMT-GT comprises of 10 provinces of Sumatra, Indonesia (Indonesia-GT); 8 states in Peninsular Malaysia (Malaysia-GT); and 14 provinces in the southern region of Thailand (Thailand-GT). It is home to about 84 million people inhabiting land areas of about 615,205 square kilometers. Population density of IMT-GT has increased from 118 persons per square kilometer in 2008 to 137 persons per square kilometer in 2018.

Indonesia-GT: consist of Aceh, North Sumatera, West Suamtera, Riau, Riau Island, Jambi, Bengkulu, South Sumatera, Bangka Belitung, and Lampung (10 out of 34 provinces)
Malaysia-GT: comprises Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, and Selangor. (8 out of 16 states)
Thailand-GT: includes Chumphon, Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Narathiwat, Pattani, Phang Nga, Phattalung, Phuket, Ranong, Satun, Songkhla, Surat Thani, Trang, and Yala. (14 out of 77 provinces)
IMT refers to the whole territory of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand.
GDP refers to Gross Domestic Product

LAND AREA

The IMT-GT covers a land area of 615.2 thousand square kilometers which accounted for 22.3% of IMT in 2018

ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE TRADE IN GOODS

The IMT-GT trade in goods recorded at US$ 383 billion and contributed about 28.6% from IMT in 2018

POPULATION

In 2018, the IMT-GT has a combined population of 84.1 million that is equivalent to 23% of IMT's population. The IMT-GT is a sparsely populated area with a population density of mere 137 persons per square kilometer. While for labour force, the IMT-GT accounted for 22.4% of IMT's labour force

GDP AT CURRENT PRICES

In 2018, the IMT-GT GDP at current prices registered at US$ 436.8 billion and accounted for 22.9% of IMT. The GDP rate at current PPP$ recorded at PPP$ 1.2 trillion.

KEY INDICATORS

Area

Land (km2) 

Population (000)

Population Density (person/km2)

Year

2018

2010

2018

2010

2018

Indonesia-GT

480,793

50,860

57,765

106

120

Malaysia-GT

63,697

15,085

17,071

237

268

Thailand-GT

70,715

8,861

9,308

125

132

IMT-GT

615,205

74,806

84,144

122

137

General Profile

Unit

Year

IMT-GT

% of IMT

% of ASEAN

Population

,000

2018

84,144

23.0

13.0

Land Area

km2

2018

615,205

22.3

13.7

Labour Force

,000

2018

41,321

22.4

13.4

Population Density

persons per km2

2018

137

103.3

94.7

Imports

US$ Billion

2018

173

26.3

12.4

Exports

US$ Billion

2018

210

30.8

14.6

GDP, Current Prices

US$ Billion

2018

437

22.9

14.6

GDP, Current PPP$

PPP$ Billion

2018

1,204

22.7

15.2

Note: ASEAN’s labour force figure is calculated by simulation of each ASEAN country figure excluding the ones of Lao PDR and Cambodia. The figure is based on ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2019.

KEY INDICATORS

Note: ASEAN’s labour force figure is calculated by simulation of each ASEAN country figure excluding the ones of Lao PDR and Cambodia. The figure is based on ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2019.